Tattoo Ink Chemicals and European Regulations
Tattoos are becoming increasingly common across Europe. Currently 12% of Europeans and 24% of United States’ citizens have tattoos or permanent make-up (PMU). The inks used are mixtures of chemicals that are inserted into the body and may stay there for life. Because of their nature long-term exposure to harmful chemicals in tattoo inks is a very real risk.
In some cases, it has been found that pigments produced solely for tattoo inks and PMU applications contain a low purity. Over 80% of colourants use organic chemistry and over 60% use azo-pigments that have carcinogenic properties through the release of aromatic amines.
A report on the Safety of Tattoos and Permanent Make-Up from the European Commission stated that a number of tattoo inks which were available on the European Market contained hazardous chemicals in high concentrations, such as:
Some tattoo inks were also found to contain microbiological contamination at 11% concentration.
Despite the potential dangers there is no EU-wide legislation specifically governing the content of tattoo inks or PMU products. Seven EU member states have chosen to introduce national legislation based on the non-binding Council of Europe Resolution on the on requirements and criteria for the safety of tattoos and permanent make-up ResAP(2008)1. The EU member states include:
Non-specifically these products: need to be deemed safe under the General Product Safety Directive; must comply with the Classification, Labelling and Packing Regulation; and follow any registration and information requirements under REACH.
After an extensive study into the dangers of tattoo inks and permanent make-up ECHA has determined a need for a specific legislation regarding the content of these products.
How can you test the chemicals in tattoo inks?
The chemicals that are used to make the supplied formulations that go into manufacturing of tattoo inks can undergo MRSL testing. This form of testing is referred to as MRSL testing and can be conducted by manufacturers and chemical companies.
Contact the Chem-MAP® Team Today
If you are concerned about chemicals in your supply chain and want to develop chemical management in your business, contact a member of the Chem-MAP® Team today via email@example.com or call us on +44 (0) 1604 679 999.
Join Eurofins | BLC and Eurofins | AQM for a FREE technical seminar on Addressing the Challenges of Chemical Management in the Leather and Textile Industry, to be held in Amsterdam, The Netherlands on 22nd November 2019. This morning seminar will be held at Impact Hub, Linnaeusstraat 2C, 1092 CK,...Published 10th September 2019 Read more